Ligament sprains occur when ligaments, which are the tough bands of tissue that connect bones at a joint, are stretched or torn. Ankle and wrist sprains are quite common in various sports.
Muscle and tendon strains involve the stretching or tearing of muscles or tendons. Commonly affected areas include the hamstring, quadriceps, and the back.
Broken bones can result from the impact or trauma associated with many sports, especially contact sports. Fractures can affect various bones, such as the wrist, forearm, or collarbone.
Joint dislocations happen when the ends of bones are forced out of their normal positions. Commonly dislocated joints include the shoulder, finger, and patella (kneecap).
Tendonitis is the inflammation of tendons, often caused by repetitive overuse. It frequently affects the Achilles tendon, rotator cuff, and elbow tendons.
Head injuries, especially concussions, are common in contact sports like football, rugby, and hockey. Concussions can have serious long-term consequences and need to be managed carefully.